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A. campestris

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Category Fungi
Kingdom Protista(Fungae)
Order Agaricales
Family Agaricaceae
Species in this genus
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Aden Earth Zone

6 - 13


  • Cultivation: Naturalizing
  • Light: Shade
  • Soil: Rich
  • pH: 6, 7, 8
  • Moisture: Medium


  • Form: Herbaceous
  • Habit: Perennial
  • Flower:
  • Fruit/Seed: Large, White, Brown
  • Foliage: White
  • Uses: Edible, Medicinal


Agaricus Agaricus is a large and important genus of mushrooms containing both edible and poisonous species, with possibly over 300 members worldwide[1][2]. The genus includes the common ("button") mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) and the field mushroom (Agaricus campestris), the dominant cultivated mushrooms of the West.

Members of Agaricus are characterized by having a fleshy cap or pileus, from the underside of which grow a number of radiating plates or gills on which are produced the naked spores. They are distinguished from other members of their family, Agaricaceae, by their chocolate-brown spores. Members of Agaricus also have a stem or stipe, which elevates the pileus above the object on which the mushroom grows, or substrate, and a partial veil, which protects the developing gills and later forms a ring or annulus on the stalk.


The genus contains the most widely consumed and best known mushroom today, Agaricus bisporus - Button Mushroom, with A. campestris also well known. The most notable inedible species is the yellow-staining mushroom A. xanthodermus. All three are found worldwide.


List of species

Champignons Agaricus.jpg
Agaricus campestris.jpg
Agaricus impudicus 01.jpg
Agaricus perobscurus.jpg
Agaricus pilatianus 060825wa.jpg
Agaricus semotus natural.jpg
Agaricus silvaticus0.jpg
Agaricus subrufescens.jpg
Agaricus subrutilescens.jpg
Agaricus vaporarius 01.JPG
Agaricus xanthoderma eF.jpg
Agaricus texensis 65797.jpg

Agaricus bisporus - Button Mushroom


  1. Pilát A. (1951). The bohemian species of the genus Agaricus. Prague, 142 pp.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Murrill WA. (1922). Dark-spored agarics: III. Agaricus. Mycologia 14(4): 200-221.
  3. (1899). Spegazzini C. (1899). Fungi argentini novi vel critici. Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 24: 167-186.
  4. Peck CH. (1895). New species of Fungi. Bull Torrey Bot Club 22: 198–211.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Geml J, Laursen GA, Nusbaum HC, Taylor DL. (2007). Two new species of Agaricus from the subantarctic. Mycotaxon 100: 193-208.
  6. Pilát A. (1951). The bohemian species of the genus Agaricus. Prague, 142 pp.
  7. Parra LA, Villarreal M, Esteve-Raventos F. (2002). Agaricus endoxanthus una specie tropicale trovata in Spagna. Rivista di Micologia 45(3): 225–233.
  8. Parra LA, Arrillaga P. (2002). Agaricus laskibarii. A new species from French coastal sand-dunes of Seignosse. Doc Mycol 31(124): 33–38.
  9. Remy L. (1964). Contribution a l'etude de la Flore mycologique Briangonnaise (Basidiomycetes et Discomycetes). Bull. Trimestriel Soc. Mycol. France 80: 459-585.
  10. Nauta MM. (1999). The Mycoflora of the Falkland Islands: II. Notes on the genus Agaricus. Kew Bulletin 54(3): 621-635.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Callac P, Guinberteau J (2005). "Morphological and molecular characterization of two novel species of Agaricus section Xanthodermatei". Mycologia 97 (2): 416–24. doi:10.3852/mycologia.97.2.416. PMID 16396349. 
  12. Raithelhuber J. (1986). Nomina nova. Metrodiana 14: 22.
  13. Singer R, Moser M. (1965). Forest mycology and forest communities in South America. Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 26: 129-191.
  14. Heinemann P. (1986). Agarici Austroamericani VI. Apernu sur les Agaricus de Patagonie et de la Terre de Feu. Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 56: 417-446.
  15. Gerault, A. 2005. Florule evolutive des basidiomycotina du Finistere - Homobasidiomycetes - Agaricales: 22.