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A. campestris

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Category Fungi
Kingdom Protista(Fungae)
Order Agaricales
Family Agaricaceae
Species in this genus
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Aden Earth Zone

6 - 13


  • Cultivation: Naturalizing
  • Light: Shade
  • Soil: Rich
  • pH: 6, 7, 8
  • Moisture: Medium


  • Form: Herbaceous
  • Habit: Perennial
  • Flower:
  • Fruit/Seed: Large, White, Brown
  • Foliage: White
  • Uses: Edible, Medicinal


Agaricus Agaricus is a large and important genus of mushrooms containing both edible and poisonous species, with possibly over 300 members worldwide[1][2]. The genus includes the common ("button") mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) and the field mushroom (Agaricus campestris), the dominant cultivated mushrooms of the West.

Members of Agaricus are characterized by having a fleshy cap or pileus, from the underside of which grow a number of radiating plates or gills on which are produced the naked spores. They are distinguished from other members of their family, Agaricaceae, by their chocolate-brown spores. Members of Agaricus also have a stem or stipe, which elevates the pileus above the object on which the mushroom grows, or substrate, and a partial veil, which protects the developing gills and later forms a ring or annulus on the stalk.


The genus contains the most widely consumed and best known mushroom today, Agaricus bisporus - Button Mushroom, with A. campestris also well known. The most notable inedible species is the yellow-staining mushroom A. xanthodermus. All three are found worldwide.


List of species

File:Champignons Agaricus.jpg
Champignons Agaricus.jpg
File:Agaricus campestris.jpg
Agaricus campestris.jpg
File:Agaricus impudicus 01.jpg
Agaricus impudicus 01.jpg
File:Agaricus perobscurus.jpg
Agaricus perobscurus.jpg
File:Agaricus pilatianus 060825wa.jpg
Agaricus pilatianus 060825wa.jpg
File:Agaricus semotus natural.jpg
Agaricus semotus natural.jpg
File:Agaricus silvaticus0.jpg
Agaricus silvaticus0.jpg
File:Agaricus subrufescens.jpg
Agaricus subrufescens.jpg
File:Agaricus subrutilescens.jpg
Agaricus subrutilescens.jpg
File:Agaricus vaporarius 01.JPG
Agaricus vaporarius 01.JPG
File:Agaricus xanthoderma eF.jpg
Agaricus xanthoderma eF.jpg
File:Agaricus texensis 65797.jpg
Agaricus texensis 65797.jpg

Agaricus bisporus - Button Mushroom


  1. Pilát A. (1951). The bohemian species of the genus Agaricus. Prague, 142 pp.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Murrill WA. (1922). Dark-spored agarics: III. Agaricus. Mycologia 14(4): 200-221.
  3. (1899). Spegazzini C. (1899). Fungi argentini novi vel critici. Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 24: 167-186.
  4. Peck CH. (1895). New species of Fungi. Bull Torrey Bot Club 22: 198–211.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Geml J, Laursen GA, Nusbaum HC, Taylor DL. (2007). Two new species of Agaricus from the subantarctic. Mycotaxon 100: 193-208.
  6. Pilát A. (1951). The bohemian species of the genus Agaricus. Prague, 142 pp.
  7. Parra LA, Villarreal M, Esteve-Raventos F. (2002). Agaricus endoxanthus una specie tropicale trovata in Spagna. Rivista di Micologia 45(3): 225–233.
  8. Parra LA, Arrillaga P. (2002). Agaricus laskibarii. A new species from French coastal sand-dunes of Seignosse. Doc Mycol 31(124): 33–38.
  9. Remy L. (1964). Contribution a l'etude de la Flore mycologique Briangonnaise (Basidiomycetes et Discomycetes). Bull. Trimestriel Soc. Mycol. France 80: 459-585.
  10. Nauta MM. (1999). The Mycoflora of the Falkland Islands: II. Notes on the genus Agaricus. Kew Bulletin 54(3): 621-635.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Callac P, Guinberteau J (2005). "Morphological and molecular characterization of two novel species of Agaricus section Xanthodermatei". Mycologia 97 (2): 416–24. doi:10.3852/mycologia.97.2.416. PMID 16396349. 
  12. Raithelhuber J. (1986). Nomina nova. Metrodiana 14: 22.
  13. Singer R, Moser M. (1965). Forest mycology and forest communities in South America. Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl. 26: 129-191.
  14. Heinemann P. (1986). Agarici Austroamericani VI. Apernu sur les Agaricus de Patagonie et de la Terre de Feu. Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 56: 417-446.
  15. Gerault, A. 2005. Florule evolutive des basidiomycotina du Finistere - Homobasidiomycetes - Agaricales: 22.