From The Plant Encyclopedia
Painted Fern, Japanese Painted Fern
|Athyrium nipponicum Ursula's Red - The Painted Fern|
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- Cultivation: For-Gardeners
- Light: Dappled, Part-Shade
- Soil: Rich, Mid-Fertility, Loam
- pH: 6
- Moisture: Wet, Medium, Well-Drained
- Form: Groundcover, Herbaceous
- Habit: Deciduous, Perennial
- Fruit/Seed: Small
- Foliage: Leaves, Variegated, Green, Pink, Purple, Silver, White, Black
- Uses: Ornamental
Athyrium niponicum is a species of Fern in the genus Athyrium, native to eastern Asia in Japan, northern China, Korea and Taiwan.
It is a Deciduous Herbaceous plant, with a whorl of Fronds growing from the basal rootstock. The fronds are 25-40 cm tall and 15-25 cm broad, pinnate, with 6-10 pairs of pinnae 4-9 cm long and 2-3 cm broad, deeply lobed, bright green with a dark red-brown stem in the wild plant, with the Spore-bearing sori on the underside of all of the pinnae.
The species name is sometimes cited as "nipponicum".
Cultivation and uses
It is grown as an Ornamental plant in gardens; several Cultivars have been selected, including 'Pictum' (Japanese Painted Fern) with pale silvery-green fronds and a bright red stem, 'Red Beauty' with yellow fronds and a bright red stem, and 'Pictum Cristatum' with crested fronds. 'Metallicum' is noted for its variegated silver, green and red foliage.