From The Plant Encyclopedia
Cardamine, Cress, Bittercress, Bitter Cress
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- Cultivation: Low-Maintenance, Easy-To-Grow
- Light: Sun
- Soil: Rich
- pH: 7
- Moisture: Wet, Medium, Well-Drained
- Form: Herbaceous
- Habit: Perennial, Annual
- Flower: Medium
- Fruit/Seed: Small
- Foliage: Leaves, Green
- Uses: Edible, Medicinal, Ornamental, Craft, Industrial, Houseplant
Cardamine (Bittercress or Bitter-cress), is a large Genus in the family Brassicaceae. It contains more than 150 species of annuals and perennials. The genus grows worldwide in diverse habitats, except in the Antarctic. Genus Dentaria is a synonym for Cardamine.
The leaves can have different forms, going from minute to medium-sized. They can be pinnate or bipinnate. They are basal and cauline (growing on the upper part of the stem), with narrow tips. They are rosulate (forming a rosette). The blade margins can be entire, serrate or dentate. The stem internodes lack firmness.
Domestic Garden Varieties
You will find the myriad of varieties of this domesticated food plant here
The Fruits are long, thin Dehiscent pods with many (20-100) seeds. In some regions this plant is considered a nuisance; one author observes, "Weeding this little pest is decidedly unsatisfying, for when its fully ripe pods are touched, they split open and shoot out their seeds, thus spitefully sowing another crop."
- Some plants were reputed to have medicinal qualities (treatment of heart or stomach ailments.
- The name Cardamine is derived from the Greek word kardamon, referring to a Persian or Indian Herb with pungent leaves.