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- Cultivation: Easy-To-Grow
- Light: Sun
- Soil: Rich
- pH: 7
- Moisture: Medium
- Habit: Annual
- Flower: Small
- Fruit/Seed: Small
- Foliage: Leaves, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red, Pink, Purple
- Uses: Ornamental, Houseplant
Solenostemon is a Genus of Perennial plants, native to Tropical Africa, Asia, Australia, the East Indies, the Malay Archipelago, and the Philippines. They are commonly known as Coleus, a name which derives from an earlier classification under the genus name Coleus, which is currently treated as two: with species included in either the genus Solenostemon or in another genus, Plectranthus.
One disease that can affect coleus is downy mildew. This mildew appears on the leaves making the plant look dirty because it is brown in color. The organism is called Peronospora sp. and can also result in curled and twisted leaves. Sometimes symptoms are not found on leaves which make the disease harder to control.[n] Another disease is Impatiens necrotic spot virus which causes brown or yellow spots on leaves, rings, black or brown stem discoloration, and brown leaf veins, ultimately resulting in plant death. The disease is spread by an insect called a Thrips that carries the virus from an infected plant to an uninfected plant. It only takes a few of these insects to infect a whole greenhouse.
Coleus Blumei (Solenostemon scutellarioides) has very mild relaxing and hallucinogenic effects. Coleus has not been explored very much but has been known to have been used by the Mazatec indians of southern Mexico who have been using this plant for years for its altering effects.
It takes about fifty to seventy of the large colorful leaves of the Coleus plant to trigger the relaxing and hallucinogenic effects. They can be chewed thoroughly and swallowed, smoked, or steeped in lukewarm water for approximately one hour after which the liquid is strained and drank. Only fresh leaves are effective, dried leaves offer no use whatsoever.
While Coleus has virtually no unpleasant or dangerous side effects, some people have been known to experience nausea within a half hour of ingesting. This nausea, however, quickly dissipates and is replaced by a trippy, Psilocybin-like state, colorful visual hallucinations and patterns, and telepathic and clairvoyant insights. The entire experience lasts approximately two hours.