Pachysandra terminalis

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Pachysandra terminalis

Category Groundcover
Kingdom Plantae
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Angiospermae
Order Buxales
Family Buxaceae
Genus Pachysandra
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Pachysandra terminalis (Japanese spurge) is a plant in the boxwood family, Buxaceae.


Pachysandra terminalis is a slow growing groundcover with alternate, simple leaves, and creeping stems. The flowers are white, borne in late March and throughout the month of April. It is evergreen but the leaves may yellow in winter and is very cold hardy. When group planted, the plant forms a dense carpet of glossy green leaves to a height of 6 - 10 inches.


Pachysandra terminalis grows in partial to deep shade. It prefers a moist, well-drained soil in full shade that is both acidic and rich and so a peaty soil with fertiliser applied is suitable. However, the plant is tolerant of periodically dry soils and is tolerant of soils of neutral to slightly alkaline pH.

Pachysandra terminalis can be propagated by dividing and transplanting clumps, by rooting stem cuttings, or by removing plantlets that have grown through the spread of roots from the main plant.

It takes about three years to establish a groundcover with plants spaced between 6 and 12 inches apart.