Schefflera arboricola

From The Plant Encyclopedia

Dwarf Umbrella Tree

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Schefflera arboricola in cultivation

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Schefflera arboricola

Kingdom Plantae
Order Apiales
Family Araliaceae
Genus Schefflera
Varieties in this species
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Aden Earth Zone

13 - 20


  • Cultivation: Easy-To-Grow
  • Light: Sun, Dappled, Part-Shade
  • Soil: Rich, Loam
  • pH:
  • Moisture: Wet, Medium, Well-Drained


  • Form: Shrub
  • Habit: Evergreen
  • Flower: Small
  • Fruit/Seed: Small
  • Foliage: Leaves, Green
  • Uses: Ornamental, Houseplant


Schefflera arboricola  is a Flowering plant in the family Araliaceae, native to Taiwan. It also goes by the common name "Dwarf Umbrella Tree."


It is an Evergreen Shrub growing to 3-6 m tall, free-standing, or clinging to the trunks of other trees. The leaves are Palmately compound, with 7-9 leaflets, the leaflets 9-20 cm long and 4-10 cm broad (though often smaller in cultivation). The Flowers are produced in a 20 cm Panicle of small Umbels, each umbel 7-10 mm diameter with 5-10 flowers.

Cultivation and uses

It is commonly grown as a Houseplant, popular for its tolerance of neglect and poor growing conditions. It is also grown as a landscape plant in milder climates where frosts are not severe. Numerous Cultivars have been selected for variations in leaf colour and pattern, often variegated with creamy-white to yellow edges or centres, and dwarf forms.
The umbrella plant lends itself easily to the Bonsai form and is popular as an Indoor bonsai.


The plant prefers higher light if possible, but can adapt to a wide variety of light levels. As a tropical plant it likes moisture, but avoid letting the plant sit in water after you water it. It likes to be moist but not wet.

Aerial roots

Under the right conditions, this plant will produce Aerial roots that, when they reach the ground, will convert to fully functional roots. They give the plant an unusual and interesting appearance. Three conditions must be maintained for the plant to produce them: a high growth rate, insufficient trunk roots (the plant is root bound or these roots are pruned) and constant, very high Humidity.

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External links

  • Fukubonsai, information about Schefflera arboricola as indoor bonsai.